Arrow roots a.k.a Nduma as Kenyans like to call them are tubers which were indigenously grown. They were highly regarded in ancient times. Due to the increased lifestyle diseases, many Kenyans are urged to eat healthy and one of the most recommended source of starch is arrowroot.
Arrow root farming was previously regarded as a hard crop to grow since it required you to be near a river or a swamp. However, there are hybrid arrowroot varieties especially from Burundi that can grow anywhere including uplands and doesn’t need much water.
Arrow roots have few calories. 100 arrow roots have approximately 65 calories; which is lower compared to cassava, yams and potatoes. The powder made from arrow roots is fine, has no smell and it’s granular starch that is mostly used as a thickener or stabilizing agent in the food industry. Some of the health advantages of the Arrowroot (Nduma) include the following:
Circulation Issues: The rich nutrient mixture in arrow roots comprises of high levels of iron and copper. The two elements form part of the red blood cells. Arrow roots help in preventing anemia and other blood circulation related difficulties.
Metabolic Processes: Arrow roots have high Vitamin B concentration which makes it an important enzymatic and metabolic substance. It helps in regulating processes in the human body.
Birth defects: Folate, present in Vitamin B is also present in arrow roots. The component is important for expectant mothers and can help prevent neural tube defects.
Stomach Concerns: Arrowroot is a gluten-free substance – prevent gastrointestinal discomfort, pain, and danger that those handling a gluten intolerance must face every day.
Arrowroot, unlike other vegetable tubers contain high level of protein which aid in building the body and other tissues. Additionally, protein is used to make enzymes and hormones.
Weight Loss Concerns: Arrowroot is extremely low in calories as compared to other starches like yams, potatoes, or cassava. For this reason, people trying to remain on a diet can get complex carbohydrates and a wealth of nutrients, as well as a healthy dose of dietary fiber, and eliminate the desire to snack between meals.
Digestion: Dietary fiber is one of the most important parts of our digestive process, as it helps move food through the bowels in an efficient manner, while also stimulating the uptake of nutrients. Arrowroot also helps in reducing the effect of constipation and controlling level of blood sugar.
In addition, arrow roots have moderate amounts of some important minerals such as copper, phosphorus, manganese, magnesium, zinc and iron. Potassium is an essential part of cells and body fluids that assist in regulation of the heart beat and blood pressure in the body. Nduma is a healthy meal for all Kenyans from all tribes and are highly regarded.